One of the objectives of HYPOS, the Hydrogen Power Storage & Solutions East Germany initiative founded in 2013, is to establish a renewable hydrogen economy in middle and east Germany. The initiative identified the setup and expansion of the associated infrastructure as an essential prerequisite to achieve that aim. The region offers already available structures throughout (e.g., pipelines, underground caverns) and great renewable energy potential.
Hydrogen has the potential to take a particularly important role within the technological shift away from fossil fuels towards renewable and alternative sources of energy. Plans for using renewably sourced hydrogen as an energy carrier (e.g., power-to-gas) in order to deal with periods of power oversupply have posed special challenges for the energy industry. In addition to environmental and economic considerations, the increase in the amount of hydrogen creates challenges for material use, since hydrogen may cause spontaneous failures