There will be FC mobility and an H2 industry

Prof. Angelika Heinzel
Prof. Angelika Heinzel, © ZBT

There is a lot going on in the energy sector at the moment. As a result of numerous activities and events – be it diesel scandals or CO2 pricing, driving bans or Fridays-for-Future demonstrations, flight shame or real laboratories – more and more players are committing themselves to more sustainability as well as to hydrogen as an energy storage.

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Iceland: From pioneer to laggard

Borehole for geothermal energy in Iceland
Borehole for geothermal energy in Iceland, © ON Power, Iceland.

Iceland was quick to recognise the opportunities offered by hydrogen and fuel cells for the transport sector – but has unfortunately made little of them to date. At the end of the last millennium, the Nordic island was regarded as a pioneer in the field of hydrogen, because it considered the vision of a sustainable hydrogen economy to be quite feasible.

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Green hydrogen for low-emission refineries

Technical Options for Fossil Energy Replacement
Technical Options for Fossil Energy Replacement, © MWV, iwo

The member companies of the German Petroleum Industry Association (MWV) welcome the Paris Climate Protection Agreement and the associated targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in all sectors. The petroleum industry can make a significant contribution to achieving the targets with renewable fuels.

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Cost-effective and flexible

Schematic of the 100-bar PEMEL system as a container solution from the project partner iGas Energy.
Schematic of the 100-bar PEMEL system as a container solution from the project partner iGas Energy [1]

Green hydrogen, preferably produced by electrolysis, links the energy, industry and mobility sectors and is an important tool to enable the integration of renewable energies. Proton exchange membrane electrolysis (PEMEL) is considered the most promising technology due to its power density and dynamics.

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Positive influence of CO2 pricing

H2 production costs as a function of production quantity and investment total.
H2 production costs as a function of production quantity and investment total.

Synthetic gases will play an important role in the full supply of renewable energies for Germany’s energy requirements. The meta-analysis of [1] shows that, according to several studies, an electrolysis capacity of more than 100 GW is required in the future energy system in Germany. If such an electrolysis capacity is to be installed in the course of the next few decades, it will be necessary to ramp up the market in good time so that market-driven, reliable and inexpensive plants can be made available.

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FC cars pay off in the long term

Simplified representation of the power supply system for zero-emission passenger cars
Simplified representation of the power supply system for zero-emission passenger cars

When it comes to the subject of “infrastructure of electric vehicles”, there are many different opinions regarding costs, the possibility of integrating the infrastructure into the power grids and the efficiency of energy supply. Depending on one’s point of view, the infrastructure for battery cars is sometimes better than that for fuel cell cars.

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Fit-4-AMandA – Stack robot delivered

Economical production puts fuel cell technology on the road
Economical production puts fuel cell technology on the road

Fuel cell technology offers an immense opportunity for future emission-free mobility. One of the biggest challenges for their breakthrough, however, is the currently still high costs compared to the gasoline or diesel drives established on the market.

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California to eliminate emissions

SunLine-Bus in Palm Desert, California.
SunLine-Bus in Palm Desert, California, © CHBC

California continues to move the needle in adopting more and more ambitious climate, energy and transportation goals, to improve air quality and reduce health impacts from emissions, and to develop a strong clean energy economy in the state that creates sustainable jobs.

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Where does electro-mobility stand?

Cover of the VDI/VDE study "Fuel Cell and Battery Vehicles"
Cover of the VDI/VDE study “Fuel Cell and Battery Vehicles”

Electric mobility represents an important contribution to climate protection and the use of renewable energies in the transport sector. VDE/ETG, VDI-FVT and VDI-GEU have therefore attempted to present the current state of development of fuel cell passenger cars (FCEV) and battery electric passenger cars (BEV) within the framework of an interdisciplinary working group made up of universities, research institutes and industry.

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